One of the largest and best museums in the world, the British Museum displays a wide variety of important artifacts, among them the famous Rosetta Stone and Elgin Marbles.
British Museum purchases Egyptian artifacts including Rosetta Stone
British Museum acquires the Elgin Marbles
King George IV donates library to British Museum
Construction begins on the British Museum
Natural history collections of the British Museum move to the new Natural History Museum
Great Court Completed
British Museum celebrates 250th anniversary
British Museum is listed on the National Heritage List for England with the following data. Some information may have become outdated since the date of listing. Text courtesy of Historic England. © Crown Copyright, reprinted under the Open Government License.
- List Entry ID
- THE BRITISH MUSEUM
- THE BRITISH MUSEUM, GREAT RUSSELL STREET
- Greater London Authority
- Grid Reference
- TQ 30054 81721
TQ3081NW GREAT RUSSELL STREET 798-1/100/697 (North side) 24/10/51 The British Museum
Museum. 1823-47. By Sir Robert Smirke with later additions. Portland stone. Planned as a big quadrangle with open courtyard extending north from Montague House (the original museum, demolished c1840). 2 main storeys in Greek Revival style. Built in stages. East Wing 1823-26: built to house George IV's library and Angerstein pictures (later basis of National Gallery). An early use of iron beams clad in concrete by engineer John Rastrick. Fine Grecian detail to interior with scagliola walls. West Wing 1831-4: built to house antiquities. Redecorated to Smirke's original colour scheme 1980. North Wing 1833-8: built to house antiquities. South Range 1842-7: built as the principal facade following the demolition of Montague House. 7-bay centre linked to projecting wings. Ionic octastyle portico with sculptured pediment projecting from a massive colonnade running around the wings. Ionic order from the temple of Athene Polias, Priene. Pediment sculpture depicts the "Progress of Civilisation" by Westmacott. Fine interior with grand central staircase. Round Reading Room 1852-7: by Sydney Smirke. Erected to fill the open quadrangle, with domed cast-iron roof. HISTORICAL NOTE: the museum expanded north during the C19, the last main addition being the King Edward VII Gallery (qv), 1914, facing Montague Place. Some of the galleries were damaged during World War II and have been remodelled for display purposes...
- Numbers 1-11 0.054 mi away
- Number 30 0.055 mi away
- The British Museum King Edward Vii Galleries and Attached Wall and Lions 0.060 mi away
- Iron Gates Between Numbers 20 and 21 Leading to Rear Garden 0.070 mi away
- Numbers 38-43 0.072 mi away
- Pair of K6 Telephone Kiosks Flanking Side Entrance Piers and Gates 0.074 mi away
- Numbers 12-29 0.074 mi away
- Eighteen Lamp Posts on Forecourt of British Museum 0.080 mi away
- Main Entrance Gateway, Railings and Attached Lodges to British Museum 0.082 mi away
- Numbers 1-10 0.089 mi away
- Numbers 44-49 0.093 mi away
- Pair of K6 Telephone Kiosks Next to Wern Stone Pier on Front Boundary Railings 0.094 mi away
- Pair of K6 Telephone Kiosks Flanking Eern Stone Pier to Front Boundary Railings 0.094 mi away
- Numbers 24-60 0.101 mi away
- Numbers 89, 90 and 91 0.102 mi away
- Official Website of the British Museum. Web. Accessed 1 Nov. 2016. <http://www.thebritishmuseum.org>
- Barber, Tabitha. Blue Guide Museums and Galleries of London. Blue Guide, 2005.
- “British Museum.” Wikipedia. Web. Accessed 1 Nov. 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Museum>
- Caygill, Marjorie. The British Museum A-Z Companion. Routledge, 2001.
- Smith, Rupert and Neil MacGregor (foreword). The Museum: Behind the Scenes at the British Museum. BBC Books, 2007.
- Jerrold, W. Blanchard. How to See the British Museum in Four Visits. tredition, 2011.
- MacGregor, Neil. A History of the World in 100 Objects. Viking Adult, 2011.
- Foster, Norman. The Great Court at the British Museum. Prestel Publishing, 2012.
- Neich, Roger. The Maori Collections of the British Museum. British Museum Press, 2011.
- Jacobs, Norman. Behind the Colonnade: Thirty-Seven Years at the British Museum. The History Press, 2010.