Pantheon, Rome

Pantheon, Rome

This magnificent ancient temple was built by Emperor Hadrian in 125 and converted into a church in 609. It is the oldest intact ancient building in Rome.

Holly Hayes

Quick Facts

Go Historic ID
248510
Names
Pantheon
Santa Maria ad Martyres
Lists
World Heritage Site
Categories
temple
central-plan building
round building
religious building
pantheon
Styles
Roman
Greek
Classical Greek
Mediterranean
Materials
concrete
brick
clay

Visitor & Contact Information

Address
Rome, IT
Coordinates
41.8986000° N, 12.4768000° E
view on Go Historic map
view on Google Maps

Timeline

27 BCE

Marcus Agrippa constructs the Pantheon

80 CE

The original version of the Pantheon in Rome burns down.

125 CE

Hadrian rebuilds the Pantheon

200 CE

Restoration work on the Pantheon under Septimus Severus.

215 CE

Restoration work on the Pantheon under Caracalla.

609

The Pantheon is the first pagan temple in Rome to be Christianized

667

Pantheon looted

685

Restoration of the church in the Pantheon by Pope Benedict II.

1563

Restoration of the bronze doors of the Pantheon

1980

The Pantheon is designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Bibliography

  1. Matilda Webb. The Churches and Catacombs of Early Christian Rome: A Comprehensive Guide. Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, , pp. 149-51.
  2. Hayes, Holly. “Pantheon, Rome.” Sacred Destinations. Web. Accessed 6 Nov. 2016. <http://www.sacred-destinations.com/italy/rome-pantheon>
  3. MacDonald, William L. and John Pinto (foreword). The Pantheon: Design, Meaning, and Progeny. Harvard University Press, 2002.