St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City

St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City

St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican City is the world headquarters of Roman Catholicism and one of the largest churches in the world. Founded by Constantine the Great in 324, it stands over the tomb of Saint Peter the Apostle.

Quick Facts

Go Historic ID
248447
Names
Basilica di San Pietro
Michelangelo's Dome
Shrine of St. Peter
St. Peter's Basilica
Coordinates
41.9022220° N, 12.4533330° E
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view on Google Maps
Listed on
World Heritage Site
Categories
basilica
church
shrine
art historical sites
pilgrimage sites
pilgrimage destinations
religious building
Affiliations
Christianity
Roman Catholicism
Styles
Renaissance
Materials
marble
brick
clay

Location Map

Aerial view of St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
Location map of St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City. Click image for a larger, interactive view.

Aerial View

Aerial view of St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
Aerial view of St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City. Click image for a larger, interactive view.

Timeline

64 CE

Martyrdom of the Apostle Peter on Vatican Hill

324

Constantine commissions St. Peter's Basilica in Rome

25 Dec 800

Charlemagne is crowned Roman Emperor at St. Peter's Basilica

1506

Reconstruction of St. Peter's Basilica begins under Pope Julius II

1546

Michelangelo appointed chief architect of St. Peter's Basilica

1615

Completion of St. Peter's Basilica

Bibliography

  1. Matilda Webb. The Churches and Catacombs of Early Christian Rome: A Comprehensive Guide. Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, , pp. 6-13.
  2. Mcdowell, Bart and James L. Stanfield (photographer). Inside the Vatican. National Geographic, 2009.
  3. Scotti, R. A.. Basilica: The Splendor and the Scandal: Building St. Peter's. Plume, 2007.
  4. Tronzo, William (ed.). St. Peter's in the Vatican. Cambridge University Press, 2005.
  5. Official Website of St. Peter's Basilica. Web. Accessed 1 Nov. 2016. <http://www.vaticanstate.va/EN/Monuments/Saint_Peters_Basilica/>
  6. Giddings, Al (producer), Alexander Grasshoff (producer), James Lipscomb (producer), and Bud Wiser (producer). National Geographic Inside the Vatican. National Geographic Video.
  7. Hersey, George L.. High Renaissance Art in St. Peter's and the Vatican: An Interpretive Guide. .