St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City

St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City

St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican City is the world headquarters of Roman Catholicism and one of the largest churches in the world. Founded by Constantine the Great in 324, it stands over the tomb of Saint Peter the Apostle.

David Joyal

Quick Facts

Go Historic ID
248447
Names
Basilica di San Pietro
Michelangelo's Dome
Shrine of St. Peter
St. Peter's Basilica
Lists
World Heritage Site
Categories
basilica
church
shrine
art historical sites
pilgrimage sites
pilgrimage destinations
religious building
Affiliations
Christianity
Roman Catholicism
Styles
Renaissance
Materials
marble
brick
clay

Visitor & Contact Information

Address
Vatican City
Coordinates
41.9022220° N, 12.4533330° E
view on Go Historic map
view on Google Maps

Timeline

64 CE

Martyrdom of the Apostle Peter on Vatican Hill

324

Constantine commissions St. Peter's Basilica in Rome

25 Dec 800

Charlemagne is crowned Roman Emperor at St. Peter's Basilica

1506

Reconstruction of St. Peter's Basilica begins under Pope Julius II

1546

Michelangelo appointed chief architect of St. Peter's Basilica

1585

Completion of the dome of St. Peter's begun by Michelangelo

1615

Completion of St. Peter's Basilica

Bibliography

  1. Matilda Webb. The Churches and Catacombs of Early Christian Rome: A Comprehensive Guide. Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, , pp. 6-13.
  2. Mcdowell, Bart and James L. Stanfield (photographer). Inside the Vatican. National Geographic, 2009.
  3. Scotti, R. A.. Basilica: The Splendor and the Scandal: Building St. Peter's. Plume, 2007.
  4. Tronzo, William (ed.). St. Peter's in the Vatican. Cambridge University Press, 2005.
  5. Official Website of St. Peter's Basilica. Web. Accessed 1 Nov. 2016. <http://www.vaticanstate.va/EN/Monuments/Saint_Peters_Basilica/>
  6. dv
  7. Hersey, George L.. High Renaissance Art in St. Peter's and the Vatican: An Interpretive Guide. .